In three South American countries -- Peru, Argentina and Ecuador -- brick factories are concentrated on the outskirts of large cities and can be seen all over the countryside. Families make bricks out of clay packed into simple molds. The clay is dried, and then baked in a kiln. Workers are often unskilled immigrants from rural areas. Fresh water and electricity are scarce and pay is low while production quotas are high. Some efforts, funded by the ILO, are being made in the three countries to modernize brick production, eliminating middle-men between workers and the kilns, and supply social services, especially education. The ILO's goal is to withdraw children from brick-making work and ensure a living wage can be earned.
black and white photo borrowed from: http://www.childlaborphotoproject.org